Tuesday, August 28, 2012

Is it time for a mutiny against Hollande?

by Tom Gill

 French radical left leader Jean-Luc Melenchon has called for a mutiny by Socialist Party ministers disenchanted with the policies of President Francois Hollande. Melenchon, who stood against Hollande as a candidate of the radical Left Front in the presidential elections this year, said ministers who opposed Hollande’s policies should come out of the closet.

“You exist by being independent, not by being carried along by someone else,” he said. “We need you to come and help us in our battle.”

Melenchon took just over 11 per cent of the vote in the first round of the elections in April and his supporters helped Hollande defeat Nicolas Sarkozy in the second round.

He has been absent from national politics since losing a head-to-head battle with far-right leader Marine Le Pen for a seat in parliament in June. But Melenchon has once again grabbed the political limelight.

Melenchon’s radical left coalition, the Socialists and much of the country applauded early moves to introduce bold tax rises on the rich.

But timidness over an escalating manufacturing jobs crisis at home and agreements reached at series of EU summits ostensibly designed to tackle the eurozone’s debt and banking crisis has meant Hollande now stands accused of backtracking on key election promises.

Notably he’s seen to have dropped pledges to ditch his predecessor’s austerity medicine and instead promote jobs and growth.

He’s signed up to EU deficit-reduction targets that will force the government to slash public spending and further damage the country’s already stagnant economy.

Having opposed the EU fiscal pact, which ties governments to economically lethal deficit-cutting plans, in his election campaign, Hollande is now signed up to it.

Luckily for the president, earlier this month France’s Constitutional Council ruled that no change to the country’s constitution was necessary to adopt the EU’s fiscal pact.

This means no requirement for a two-thirds majority in parliament, but just a simple majority.
The Socialists and their Green allies have a majority in both houses of parliament.
Nevertheless, among Hollande’s Socialists there are those who are opposed to EU-mandated austerity in the constitution.

Some, like Socialist Senator Marie-Noelle Lienemann, who has denounced the move as the equivalent of “austerity for life,” have said they will vote against.

So will Jean-Vincent Place, the head of the Greens in parliament. He calls the pact an example of “extreme austerity and excessive stringency.”

Hollande may have to rely on the support of right-wing and centrist MPs and senators in order to ratify the pact, which will do the job, but could be embarrassing.

Melenchon and allies continue to demand a referendum so such a fundamental curtailment of parliament’s sovereignty to set budgets can at least enjoy the democratic backing of the French people.

“If you are so sure of your treaty, why not ask the views of the people?” asks Melenchon.
“After a comedy of negotiation [with Germany] it was a sellout. Should we accept the ‘Merkozy’ treaty?

“Lose the remaining room for manoeuvre left in the country? Austerity forever?”
Pointing to the country’s economic woes and unemployment of over 10 per cent, Melenchon accused Hollande of being “a market liberal like those who have already driven the Greek, Spanish and Portuguese disasters.”

He criticised the president for inaction over an industrial meltdown highlighted by the controversial plans to close a Peugeot Citroen factory in an already depressed area.
And he asked why a law – already tabled in parliament by the Left Front – that bans profit-making firms from making redundancies hadn’t been among the initial emergency measures enacted by the government. Hollande’s first 100 days in power have amounted to “almost nothing,” Melenchon concluded dismissively.

Mocking the president’s Mr Normal moniker, Melenchon said: “It is not because Francois Hollande wants to be normal that the situation will become so.

“Hasn’t anybody told him that capitalism is in crisis? And that the whole ecosystem is in turmoil? Europe is in the red and walking towards disaster. Wake up!”

Nervousness among Socialist MPs and ministers over the president’s policies has been heightened over the hard line Hollande and his Interior Minister Manuel Valls have taken on the issue of crime and security, notably in response to a riot in the northern city of Amiens last week and the dismantling of Roma camps around French cities.

Despite the message they delivered in the ballot box that they’d had enough of Sarko and his authoritarian austerity hawks, many in France may be concluding that Hollande’s new Socialist government is starting to look worryingly like its predecessor.

Tom Gill blogs at http://www.revoltingeurope.com

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